When the natural home or environment of an animal is rendered unable to support it, this is known as habitat destruction and means that the animals who used to live in that area no longer have a home.
This can take place in lots of ways, including, but not limited to:
Destruction: for example deforestation and filling in of wetlands. The effects are instant and animals have no time to adapt.
Fragmentation: where habitat is broken up by, say, a road or a dam. This form of destruction is less instant but can still be fatal, with habitats being cut in half, food sources reduced and vital migratory routes disrupted.
Degradation: where a habitat becomes polluted or the ecosystem is interrupted, resulting in the habitat no longer being able to support wildlife.
Greenpeace place a giant banner in orangutan habitat inside the concession owned by PT Multi Persada Gatramegah (PT MPG), a subsidiary of Musim Mas company, a palm oil supplier to Procter and Gamble in Muara Teweh, North Barito, Central Kalimantan. Greenpeace have campaigned for Procter and Gamble to stop destroying Indonesian rainforest and commit to a zero deforestation policy.
The Palm Oil industry is fueling large-scale deforestation and the loss of habitat – and outright murder – of Orangutans, amongst other animals. It is considered a danger to the health of the planet and even sustainable Palm Oil is not a safe option. Read more at www.saynotopalmoil.com.
Agriculture. Industrial development. Urban sprawl. These are all factors that have contributed to the extensive loss and fragmentation of prime wildlife habitat, which in turn has brought many animals to the brink of extinction, like the critically endangered jaguar or Florida panther. Even habitats that are large enough to support the wildlife living there can suffer negative impacts that affect wildlife. Every day, habitats are subjected to pollution from pesticides, oil spills and agricultural runoff. Read more at www.defenders.org
Humans recognise boundaries and place them around their homes and land. Wildlife don’t recognise these boundaries and, as their own habitats are being destroyed by humans, they find themselves increasingly roaming onto land owned by communities. This can cause damage to crops, injuries to both humans and wildlife and a build-up of tension between the two as they struggle to survive on dwindling resources.
Please read more at www.awf.org